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Herbicide Symptoms

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Mode of Action (MoA)
Chemistry
Herbicides
Plants

azalea

carnation

geranium

juniper

marigold

oak

oleander

palm tree

pansy

pine

rose

sunflower

verbena

zinnia

safflower

bearded iris

english ivy

hypericum

ice plant

photinia

euonymus

rosemary

snapdragon

ranunculus

vinca

pittosporum

ageratum

easter lily

gazania

pyracantha

toyon

lilac

abelia

agapanthus

lonicera

italian cypress

daisy

petunia

eugenia

ilex

ligustrum

grevillia

osteospermum

limonium

arctotheca

linden

deodar cedar

colorado spruce

celosia

ash tree

dogwood

cotoneaster

liguidamber

locust

calla lily

red fir

iceland poppy

lantana

blanket flower

mules ears

salvia

sierra redwood

clover

hibiscus

poinsettia

populus

tulip

buxus

eucalyptus

gardenia

hops

Symptoms

Select from the categories below to display images that matches the selection. Add additional category selections to include more images. Click the "" to remove the selection.

Mode of Action (MoA) Chemistry Herbicides Plants Symptoms

azalea

carnation

geranium

juniper

marigold

oak

oleander

palm tree

pansy

pine

rose

sunflower

verbena

zinnia

safflower

bearded iris

english ivy

hypericum

ice plant

photinia

euonymus

rosemary

snapdragon

ranunculus

vinca

pittosporum

ageratum

easter lily

gazania

pyracantha

toyon

lilac

abelia

agapanthus

lonicera

italian cypress

daisy

petunia

eugenia

ilex

ligustrum

grevillia

osteospermum

limonium

arctotheca

linden

deodar cedar

colorado spruce

celosia

ash tree

dogwood

cotoneaster

liguidamber

locust

calla lily

red fir

iceland poppy

lantana

blanket flower

mules ears

salvia

sierra redwood

clover

hibiscus

poinsettia

populus

tulip

buxus

eucalyptus

gardenia

hops

235 images matching the selected options:

 
Plant: abelia
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis
 
Plant: agapanthus
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: agapanthus
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: agapanthus
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ageratum
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: alachlor
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: arctotheca
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ash tree
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf-margin fingering, stunting
 
Plant: ash tree
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: bleaching, discoloration, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, vein discoloration
 
Plant: ash tree
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, necrosis
 
Plant: azalea
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: prometryn
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: bearded iris
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: bearded iris
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: blanket flower
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf curling, leaf narrowing, leaf purpling, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: buxus
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: calla lily
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: calla lily
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: carnation
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: internode shortening, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: celosia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting, terminal bud death
 
Plant: celosia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: chlorosis, epinasty, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: celosia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf stacking, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: clover
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, vein discoloration
 
Plant: colorado spruce
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: bleaching, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: cotoneaster
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: chlorosis, flower malformation, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: daisy
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: carfentrazone-ethyl
Symptoms: necrotic spots
 
Plant: daisy
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: necrotic spots
 
Plant: deodar cedar
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, necrosis
 
Plant: dogwood
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: easter lily
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: chlorosis, epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: mecoprop
Symptoms: chlorosis, epinasty, excessive branching, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf strapping, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, leaf curling, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: vein discoloration
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Nitrile
Herbicide: dichlobenil
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive bud break, leaf cupping, leaf distortion, stunting, veinal chlorosis
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: excessive branching, excessive bud break, leaf distortion, stunting, veinal chlorosis
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: carfentrazone-ethyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Photosystem-I-electron diversion
Chemistry: Bipyridylium
Herbicide: paraquat
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis
 
Plant: english ivy
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, interveinal chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: eucalyptus
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis
 
Plant: eugenia
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: twisting
 
Plant: euonymus
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: euonymus
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: euonymus
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: chlorosis, epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: euonymus
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: euonymus
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: gardenia
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis
 
Plant: gazania
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: leaf margin chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: geranium
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, leaf reddishness, stunting
 
Plant: geranium
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: grevillia
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: hibiscus
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: chlorosis, chlorotic spots, leaf crinkling, mottled chlorosis, necrosis, necrotic spots
 
Plant: hops
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: hops
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: hops
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: hops
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: hypericum
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching, leaf narrowing, stunting
 
Plant: hypericum
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: hypericum
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: mecoprop
Symptoms: stunting, twisting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Nitrile
Herbicide: dichlobenil
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf reddishness, stem reddishness, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf reddishness, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Dinitroaniline
Herbicide: oryzalin
Symptoms: root malformation, root stunting, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Dinitroaniline
Herbicide: trifluralin
Symptoms: root stunting, root thickening, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: leaf bronzing, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Nitriles
Herbicide: bromoxynil
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Nitriles
Herbicide: bromoxynil
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: ice plant
MoA: Unknown
Chemistry: unknown
Herbicide: MSMA
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: iceland poppy
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf purpling, leaf reddishness, stunting
 
Plant: ilex
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: italian cypress
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: juniper
MoA: Inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase)
Chemistry: Aryloxyphenoxy propionate 'FOPs'
Herbicide: fluazifop-P-butyl
Symptoms: necrosis
 
Plant: juniper
MoA: Inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase)
Chemistry: Aryloxyphenoxy propionate 'FOPs'
Herbicide: fluazifop-P-butyl
Symptoms: necrosis
 
Plant: lantana
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: liguidamber
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, necrosis, twisting
 
Plant: liguidamber
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, twisting
 
Plant: liguidamber
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf strapping
 
Plant: ligustrum
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: necrosis
 
Plant: lilac
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: limonium
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, stunting
 
Plant: linden
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: locust
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: locust
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, leaf distortion
 
Plant: locust
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf stacking
 
Plant: lonicera
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis, stem dieback, stunting
 
Plant: lonicera
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: marigold
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf narrowing, stunting
 
Plant: marigold
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: marigold
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: alachlor
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf feathering, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: mules ears
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, discoloration, leaf reddishness, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: oak
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf stacking, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: oak
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: oleander
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: leaf margin chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: oleander
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: prometon
Symptoms: chlorosis
 
Plant: oleander
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: prometon
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: osteospermum
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: palm tree
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: alachlor
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion
 
Plant: pansy
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pansy
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: pansy
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pansy
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: pansy
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: petunia
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: leaf distortion, necrosis, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, stunting
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, vein discoloration
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, vein discoloration
 
Plant: photinia
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: carfentrazone-ethyl
Symptoms: necrotic spots
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridinone
Herbicide: fluridone
Symptoms: bleaching
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: s-metolachlor
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Dinitroaniline
Herbicide: oryzalin
Symptoms: leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: atrazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pine
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazinone
Herbicide: hexazinone
Symptoms: necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, chlorotic spots, leaf stacking, necrosis
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: s-metolachlor
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf margin chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: s-metolachlor
Symptoms: leaf distortion, leaf stacking
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of very-long-chain fatty acids
Chemistry: Chloroacetamide
Herbicide: s-metolachlor
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Dinitroaniline
Herbicide: trifluralin
Symptoms: root stunting, root thickening, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: chlorotic spots, leaf distortion
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: pittosporum
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: poinsettia
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: chlorosis, chlorotic spots, leaf distortion, mottled chlorosis, necrosis, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: populus
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: necrotic spots
 
Plant: pyracantha
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis
 
Plant: ranunculus
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: ranunculus
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: red fir
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive branching, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: red fir
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive branching, excessive bud break, leaf distortion, leaf reddishness, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, lower side, necrosis, stem dieback, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, lower side, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, lower side, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf stacking, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive branching, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf purpling, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf purpling, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: excessive branching, flower malformation, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf purpling, leaf purpling, lower side, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf purpling, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, leaf purpling, lower side, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, discoloration, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, flower malformation, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, mottled chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: thifensulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf purpling, leaf purpling, lower side, leaf reddishness, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf feathering, leaf strapping, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: discoloration, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf-margin fingering, vein discoloration
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf strapping, leaf-margin fingering, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf-margin fingering
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, flower malformation, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf malformation, necrosis, twisting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, vein discoloration
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Nitrile
Herbicide: dichlobenil
Symptoms: necrosis
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: excessive branching, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, interveinal chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: excessive branching, flower malformation, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf feathering, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, chlorotic spots, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, interveinal chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf margin necrosis, leaf narrowing, leaf strapping, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: flower malformation
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: flower malformation
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Nitriles
Herbicide: bromoxynil
Symptoms: chlorosis, interveinal chlorosis
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Nitriles
Herbicide: bromoxynil
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis
 
Plant: rose
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Uracil
Herbicide: terbacil
Symptoms: veinal chlorosis
 
Plant: rosemary
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Triazole
Herbicide: amitrole
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Phenoxy-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: 2,4-D
Symptoms: leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Isoxazolidinone
Herbicide: clomazone
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Isoxazolidinone
Herbicide: clomazone
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Inhibition of glutamine synthetase
Chemistry: Phosphinic acid
Herbicide: glufosinate-ammonium
Symptoms: chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: N-phenylphthalimide
Herbicide: flumioxazin
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis
 
Plant: safflower
MoA: Photosystem-I-electron diversion
Chemistry: Bipyridylium
Herbicide: paraquat
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis
 
Plant: salvia
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: sierra redwood
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: bleaching, chlorosis, epinasty, leaf distortion, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: snapdragon
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Pyridazinone
Herbicide: norflurazon
Symptoms: bleaching, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: snapdragon
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: snapdragon
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Pyridine
Herbicide: dithiopyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: snapdragon
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: snapdragon
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Diphenylether
Herbicide: oxyfluorfen
Symptoms: flower malformation, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: chlorsulfuron
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: halosulfuron-methyl
Symptoms: internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Imidazolinone
Herbicide: imazamox
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: rimsulfuron
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)
Chemistry: Sulfonylurea
Herbicide: sulfometuron-methyl
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: chlorosis, fruit disorder, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: clopyralid
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: fluroxypyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: clopyralid
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf strapping, vein discoloration
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf distortion
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Isoxazolidinone
Herbicide: clomazone
Symptoms: bleaching, leaf crinkling, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Isoxazolidinone
Herbicide: clomazone
Symptoms: bleaching, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: carfentrazone-ethyl
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: sulfentrazone
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Triazolinone
Herbicide: sulfentrazone
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf distortion, necrotic spots, stunting
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Photosystem-I-electron diversion
Chemistry: Bipyridylium
Herbicide: paraquat
Symptoms: necrosis
 
Plant: sunflower
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: atrazine
Symptoms: chlorosis, interveinal chlorosis, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: toyon
MoA: Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II
Chemistry: Triazine
Herbicide: simazine
Symptoms: interveinal chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis
 
Plant: tulip
MoA: Inhibition of protoporphyrinogen oxidase(PPO)
Chemistry: Oxadiazole
Herbicide: oxadiazon
Symptoms: chlorosis, growth distortion, leaf distortion, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: verbena
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: verbena
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive branching, internode shortening, leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing
 
Plant: vinca
MoA: Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors
Chemistry: Nitrile
Herbicide: dichlobenil
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf margin chlorosis, leaf margin necrosis, necrosis
 
Plant: vinca
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, excessive branching, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, necrosis, stunting
 
Plant: vinca
MoA: Inhibition of EPSP synthase
Chemistry: Glycine
Herbicide: glyphosate
Symptoms: chlorosis, leaf distortion, leaf narrowing, stunting
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: epinasty, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf strapping, mottled chlorosis, stunting, twisting
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf malformation, leaf stacking, stunting
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Benzoic acid
Herbicide: dicamba
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, stunting, vein discoloration
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf curling, leaf distortion, stunting
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Synthetic auxins
Chemistry: Pyridine-carboxylic acid
Herbicide: triclopyr
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf cupping, leaf distortion
 
Plant: zinnia
MoA: Microtubule assembly inhibition
Chemistry: Dinitroaniline
Herbicide: pendimethalin
Symptoms: leaf crinkling, leaf curling, leaf distortion, leaf stacking, stunting
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